Black History Facts

Goddess morning Royals πŸ‘‘. First, give praise and worship to the all High.

Elijah Muhammed – October 7, 1897 – February 25, 1975

  • Born in the Jim Crow south, moved to Detroit.
  • Converted to Islam and studied under Master Fard.
  • After becoming Master Fard’s Representative for the Nation of Islam (NOI), he became the Leader.
  • Mentored Malcolm X, Louis Farrakhan, and Muhammed Ali.
  • Refused induction into the military during WW2, jailed for 5 years, and is believed to be the inspiration for Muhammed Ali to do the same.
  • Oversaw the largest growth in the history on the Nation of Islam.
  • Established the newspaper Muhammed Speaks, a university of Islam (private elementary and high school), grocery stores, restaurants and more.
  • Purchased and and businesses to provide housing and employment for the members of the NOI and beyond.
  • Authored “Message of the Blackman in America” and “How to Eat to Live”.

Malcolm X – May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965

  • Muslim minister and human rights activist.
  • Born Malcolm Little; considered “Little” a slave name and chose “X” to signify his lost tribal name.
  • Appointed as assistant minister of Temple Number One in 1953.
  • In 1960, founded the newspaper, Muhammed Speaks, to further promote the message of the Nation of Islam.
  • Terminated relationship with Nation of Islam in 1964 and created the religious organization, Muslim Mosque, Inc.
  • Changed name to El-Hajj Malik El-Shabazz and converted to traditional Islam during his pilgrimage to Mecca Saudi Arabia in 1964.

Medgar Evers – July 2, 1925 – June 22, 1963.

  • American civil rights activist from Mississippi.
  • Worked to overturn segregation at the University of Mississippi and enact social justice and voting rights.
  • Secretary for National Association for the Advancement of Color People (NAACP).
  • Worked on voting rights and registration, economic opportunity, access to public facilities, and other changes within segregated society.
  • Murdered by Byron De La Beckwith, a member of the Ku Klux Klan.
  • His murder and resulting trials inspired civil rights protests, as well as numerous works of art, music, and film.

Muhammed Ali – January 17, 1942 – June 3, 2016

  • Professional boxer and activist.
  • Won the gold medal in the light heavyweight division at the 1960 Summer Olympics.
  • In 1967, convicted of draft evasion, sentenced to five years in prison, fined $10,000, and banned from boxing for three years, after refusing induction into the United States Armed Forces, due to religious beliefs and opposition to American involvement in Vietnam.
  • Promoted racial pride for African-Americans and resistance to White domination during the 1960s Civil Rights Movement.
  • Widely regarded as one of the most significant and celebrated sports figures of the 20th century.
  • Ranked as the greatest athlete of the 20th century by Sports Illustrated and the Sports Personality of the Century by the BBC.

Sending you all love and kisses. #GoddessLove

Manic Monday! Violence Is Everywhere!

Goddess morning Royals πŸ‘‘. First, give praise and worship to the all High.

Something needs to be done! Something must be done! Our men and women; boys and girls; Mothers and Fathers; Aunts and Uncles are dying at a rapid rate. They are being killed by the hands 😑 of our own kind. We are so hungry for what the next man has or is struggling for, that we can’t see the pain or the absence we are about to cause before we pull the trigger. We can’t see the families that will suffer. We can’t see the emptiness we are about to endure on someone else before our actions are already in play. Then the void happens and we could careless because we are now numb to the results. It then drives us to want more and because we are numbed to the aftermath we can’t see it come to us.

When it is your turn, your family all “why,” but they have no idea of your wrong doing or do they? Did they care when it was you or here doing what you had to do to get what they needed? Did they know of all the pain and suffering you caused? Were they aware of the voids you left in families? Were they immune to your emptiness you had within you? Now they want justice and why shouldn’t they if they had no clue, but I’d they did then their cries are just as hollow as the families you left to mourn for their loved ones.

Why so much violence? Why so much poverty? Why do much anger for your own kind? Why so much hate and no love for your brothers and sisters πŸ’”πŸ˜’πŸ˜­? Because we bleed like you. We’re suffering as you are! We’re hurting and starving the same! We’re crying for help like you! We’re struggling through poverty! We’re clawing our way out just like you and had you allowed us to make, just maybe we all could have made it, but you stole our way out and now we have to begin again!

In the city of Baltimore, the violence is overwhelming. It looks difficult to see an end when you read things like this: https://foxbaltimore.com/news/local/city-in-crisis-violent-ceasefire-weekend Try better Citizens to be better than what they already call you “savages”.

Sending you all love and kisses. #GoddessLove

Black History Facts

Goddess morning Royals πŸ‘‘. First, give praise and worship to the all High.

Zumbi Dos Palmares – 1655 – November 20, 1695

  • Principals representative of Black resistance to slavery during the period of Colonial Brazil.
  • The leader of Quilombo dos Palmares, a free community of slaves.
  • In 1675, helped defend Quilombo against Portuguese soldiers; known as a great warrior.
  • Replaced Ganga Zumba in Palmares and commanded the resistance Portuguese army in 1680.
  • In 1695, was betrayed, denounced, and beheaded by former companion at the age of 40.
  • Date of death, November 20, is a Brazilian National Holiday, known as Black Consciousness Day or Black Awareness Day.

Jean Baptiste Pointe DuSable – 1745 – August 28, 1818

  • Was born in San Domingo, Haiti, but the actual date is unknown.
  • Frontier trader, trapper, farmer-entrepreneur, peacekeeper and protector of Native Americans.
  • Foundeda settlement that later became the City of Chicago in 1779.
  • Well known for trading goods throughout Midwest; expanded his cabin to a trading post, which later became a small community with a church, school, and store.
  • Had commerical buildings, docks,a mansion house with fruit orchards and livestock in 1776.

The First Black Cowboys – Bass Reeves

  • One in four of America’s cowboys were African-American.
  • Many of the slaves in the 17th and 18th centuries were familiar with herding cattle from homelands to Wear Africa.
  • Federation of Black Cowboys maintained the legacies of Black cowboys in America.
  • Hollywood gave little attention to Black cowboys who made their mark in western history.
  • Notable Black Cowboys: Bass Reeves, Ned Huddleston (aka Isom Dart), and William “Bill” Pickett.

Paul Robeson – April 9, 1898 – January 23, 1976.

  • Athlete and performing artist who became involved with Civil Rights Movement.
  • First Black actor to play Shakespeare’s Othello, on Broadway.
  • Supported Pan-Africanism, sang for Loyalist soldiers during Spain’s civil war, took part in anti-Nazi demonstrations, and performed for Allied forced during WW2.
  • Labeled a communist and staunchly criticized by government officials, as well as some African-American leaders.
  • Blacklisted from domestic concert venues, record labels, and film studios due to his advocacy of anti-imperialism affiliation with communism, criticism of the United States government.
  • In 1950, barred by the U.S. State Department from renewing his passport to travel abroad for engagements.

Always stand sure what you believe in or fall for whatever they tell you is real.

Sending you all love and kisses. #GoddessLove

Black History Facts

Goddess morning Royals πŸ‘‘. First, give praise and worship to the all High.

Nat Turner – October 2, 1800 – November 11, 1831

  • Enslaved African-American who let a rebellion of slaves and free Blacks.
  • Nicknamed “The Prophet.”
  • He was a Christian preacher that traveled from plantation minutes to the so-called slaves about the word of God.
  • He said God spoke to him and told him to lead a revolt and kill his oppressors.
  • He used his preacher network to build his rebellion for freedom.
  • His fight for freedom killed 55 white supremacists.
  • Hanged after being Hodges and sentenced to death.

Percy Julian – April 11, 1899 – April 19, 1975

  • Research chemist and pioneer in the chemical synthesis of medicinal friends from plants.
  • First to synthesize the natural product physostigmine used to treat glaucoma and a pioneer in the industrial large-scale chemical synthesis of human hormones.
  • His work laid the foundation for the steroid drug industry’s production of cortisone, other corticosteroids, and birth control pills.
  • Started his own company to synthesize steroids intermediates from the wild Mexican yam.
  • Received more than 130 chemical patents.
  • One of the first African-Americans to receive a doctorate in chemistry; first African-American chemist inducted into the National Academy of Sciences.

Nina Simone – February 21, 1933 – April 21, 2003

  • Singer, songwriter, pianist, arranger, and civil rights activist.
  • Always included songs in repertoire that drew upon her African-American origins.
  • Openly addressed the racial inequality prevalent in the United States with the song “Mississippi Goddam” in 1964. Song called for racial relations to change and got more immediate developments.
  • Message to the public signified the transition from nob-violent approach to social change that was advocated by Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Received Grammy Hall of Fame Award for interpretation of “I Love You, Porgy” in 2000.
  • In 2010, statue in her honor erected on Trade Street, in her native Tryon, North Carolina.

Frances Cress Welsing – March 18, 1935 – January 2, 2016

  • American born Afrocentrist, psychiatrist and author.
  • Believed people of color needed to “liberate” themselves psychologically from white domination.
  • In 1974, authored The Cress Theory of Color-Confrontation and Racism (White Supremacy), that starts people of color must gain a better understanding of the “behavior maneuverings” of whites in order to avoid being manipulated into a subordinated position.”
  • In 1991, wrote, The Isis Papers: Keys to the Colors, a collection of 25 essays examining the neuroses of white supremacy.
  • Wrote about “melanin theory,” a claim that white people are the genetically defective descendants of albino mutants.
  • Felt whites strive to maintain a superior social position and manipulate non-whites and themselves into thinking that they are a worldwide numerical majority instead of the minority.

Sending you all love and kisses. #GoddessLove

UrbaIxntellectuals.com

Black History Facts

Goddess morning Royals πŸ‘‘. First, give praise and worship to the all High.

Elijah McCoy – May 2, 1844 – October 10, 1929

  • Canadian-American inventor and engineer.
  • Soon of former slaves from Kentucky who escaped via Underground Railroad to Canada.
  • Although a great financial sacrifice McCoy’s parents sent him to Edinburgh, Scotland; he studied mechanical engineering.
  • Noted for 57 U.S. patents, most involved the lubrication of steam engines.
  • Sold many of his patents for a fraction of their worth; never capitalized on his own inventions; the devices he designed made others millionaires.
  • His oil-drip cup invention was so amazing, people termed the phrase “The Real McCoy” which now refers to something authentic and of high quality.

Maggie Lena Walker – July 15, 1864 – December 15, 1934

  • In 1903, founded St. Luke Penny Savings Bank in Richmond, VA.
  • First female bank president of any race to charter a bank in the United States.
  • Served as chairman of the board of directors when the bank merged with two other Richmond banks to become, The Consolidated Bank and Trust Company.
  • She said, “Let us put our money together; let us use our money; let us put our money out at usury among ourselves, and reap the benefits ourselves.”
  • A visionary, she established a newspaper, The St. Luke Herald, to promote closer communication between businesses and the public.
  • Received an honorary master’s degree from Virginia Union University in 1925.
  • Inducted into the Junior Achievement U.S. Business Hall of Fame in 2001.

Claudette Colvin – September 5, 1939 – Present

  • Pioneer of the Civil Rights Movement.
  • Nine months before Rosa Parks on March 2, 1955, at only 15-years-old, she refused to move from her seat on a Montgomery bound segregated bus. She paid the date and felt it was her constitutional right to board the bus.
  • She was dragged of the bus, handcuffed and taken to an adult jail.
  • Colvin is not a much-celebrated figure in the African American Civil Rights Movement, many believe this is because she was perceived to being dark toned and pregnant.
  • Colvin had a child born out of wedlock at the age of 16.
  • On February 1, 1956, Claudette Colvin served as the star witness alongside other four plaintiffs in the Browder v. Gayle case.
  • This landmark federal case, chaired by a three-judge panel, ended the history of segregation on public transportation in Alabama and other states in America.

Huey P. Newton, PH.D. – February 17, 1942 – August 22, 1989

  • Political activist and revolutionary.
  • Co-founded the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense in 1966.
  • Overcome illiteracy and attended Merritt College and the University of San Francisco School of Law.
  • In 1980, he earned a Ph.D. in social philosophy from the University of California, Santa Cruz.
  • Allied for freedom, full employment, decent housing, education, and military exemption for African-Americans.
  • Sponsoreda free breakfast program for children, sickle-cell anemia tests, free food and shoes, and a school.
  • He was shot and killed in Oakland, California August 22nd, 1989.

Sending you all love and kisses. #GoddessLove

Black History Facts

Goddess morning Royals πŸ‘‘. First, give praise and worship to the all High.

1968 Olympics Black Power

  • Demonstration conducted by African-American athletes, Tommie Smith and John Carlos, after winning gold and bronze medalsπŸ…. Each athlete raised a Black-gloved fist and kept them raised until the National Anthem finished.
  • Wore human rights badges on their jackets.
  • Over and above winning medals, these athletes made names for themselves by an act of racial protest.
  • The raising of the Black Power Fist stood for those against the political and racial injustice in America.
  • Smith and Carlos received death threats from racist Americans for making the gesture.
  • The gesture and American backlash can be compared to modern day feelings Colin Kaepernick, who kneeled during the National Anthem for similar reasons.

Montgomery Bus Boycott – a Montgomery, Alabama 1955 – 1956

  • Political and social protest campaign against the policy of racial segregation within public transit system of Montgomery, lasted 381 days.
  • Prominent figures on the Civil Rights Movement participated in boycott; Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., Ralph Abernathy, and Rosa Parks demanded Montgomery busing segregation laws be eliminated.
  • Proved economic boycotts by African-American population could lead to great results in the battle for for civil rights as the racial segregation of public segregation crumbled under the financial losses of the companies, but we should have formed and supported our own companies.
  • Despite this proof, the collective African-American efforts to economically boycott seem to have stagnated. We wish this energy and effort would one day find a rebirth.

Queen of ShebaBiblical figure

  • Biblical figure.
  • In Sheba, women played an important role in society and were equal to men in nearly all spheres, with civil, religious, and military rights and duties, much like men.
  • Features in Jewish, Muslim and Christian, particularly Ethiopian Christian traditions.
  • An anachronistic seventh-century set piece meant to legitimize the participation of Judah in the lucrative Arabian trade.
  • The oldest and most important of the South Arabian kingdoms.

Sending you all love and kisses. #GoddessLove

Wednesday – I’m So Over It!

Goddess morning Royals πŸ‘‘. First, give praise and worship to the all High.

SMOKING! I’m so tired of seeing it, smelling it, and choking from it. People who smoke have no consideration for others who doesn’t. I’m not a smoker and never has been, so I really don’t care for the smell at all, whether it’s a cigarette or marijuana. Why do it? It’s not healthy for the mind nor body.

The human body was not designed for the inhalation of smoke in the lungs. Lungs are only anatomically structured to inhale clean (unpolluted) air. The cancer-causing and mood altering drugs are in droplet from in the smoke. The burning of tobacco and marijuana creates a drug. Fire πŸ”₯(heat) creates a synthetic poisonous chemical combined with a transoil (synthetic) drug. Smoking in the presence of a child is abusive. The droplets in the smoke cause liver damage, DHEA hormone imbalance, addiction, decreased oxygen to the child’s brain and cancer. An adult who smoke in the presence of a child causes and forces some children to be a passive smoker. This kind of forced smoking is a crime and is destructive to the child’s health. Passive smoking is indirect and drugs in the smoke have a higher cancerous context of toxins and tar. The thick oily tar contains drugs and is addicting. Ironically, the tobacco companies lowered the tar in a cigarette. This caused smokers to smoke more cigarettes in order to reach the drug level they use to get from the tar drug of one cigarette.

The drugs in smoke weakens the lungs, liver, kidneys, skin, immunity and destroy Vitamin C. The smoke from a single cigarette destroys the Vitamin C content of an average orange. Vitamin C is vital in protecting children against dis-eases.

Smoke deprived the children as well as adult’s skin off clean air (oxygen). This causes premature aging. The chemicals in smoke aggravate asthmatic and allergic children. It irritates the sensitive mucous membranes (inner skin surface) of the nose. Children have an immature immune system; smoking is twice as destructive to a child.

The chemicals in smoke can cause skipped heartbeats, palpitations of the heart, nervousness, rapid heart rates, paralysis of the cilia (hair) in the lungs; toxins are absorbed, dizziness, shortness of breath, headaches from rises in blood pressure and pains of distress over the front chest. Smoke decreases circulating to the hands, feet and legs. The nicotine causes the veins to constrict (close) and this limits the blood flow to the heart, sex organs, and other vital organs. The female passive smoker undergoes menopause at a younger age.

Children learn by example. They imitate adult behavior. Historically, the original smoke eaters (nicotine drug addicts) were white. Blacks who are nicotine drug smokers are socially conditioned (engineered, seasonin) to do so.

The non-smoking adults and children can be partially protected from smoke by using a high efficiency particle air (hepa) filter or the electronic precipitator air cleaner, which can remove a few of the cancerous chemicals. The immunity can be protected from smoke with supplements such as Glutathione, Chaparral, Pau D’Arco, Cysteine, Vitamin A, C, E, B1, B6, Pantothenic Acid, PABA, Echinacea, Selenium, Bee Propolis and Zinc. Alkaline minerals, Phenylalanine, Betaine Hydrochloride and the herb Kudzu and Quassia can help curb the craving for the smoke. Tobacco and marijuana is processed with steroids, excessive amounts of estrogen, white sugar, ammonia, etc. Consequently, Vanadyl Sulfate, Progesterone and Milk Thistle need to be added to a treatment protocol.

With all that is causes to go wrong in your body, knowingly, you all still chooses to abuse it. Then someone comes along and wants to sue the tobacco companies, ever though it was their choice to burden their bodies with such poison. STOP COMMITTING SUICIDE FOR A QUICK FIX.

Sending you all love and kisses. #GoddessLove